No other city in the United States is like Miami. Since its foundation, just 108 years ago, Miami has gone through times of crisis and triumph. However, its increasingly diverse population has been able to turn a tourist oriented city into a bright, cosmopolitan, international metropolis.
From the beginning, the rich and abundant sub-tropical Miami, the beautiful beaches, sun, and sand have attracted seekers and dreamers. This is a city built on the rise and fall, dreamers who took advantage of good weather and the opportunists who took advantage of natural disasters. Each chapter in the saga of this town is closed by a hurricane, the construction of the pen or riot, and when the dust settles a new Miami is left sizzling on the beach.
The Tequesta Indians found the land more than 10,000 years ago and had everything themselves until the Spanish “rediscovered” again in the 16th century.
In 1513, Juan Ponce de Leon is the first European to land in Florida, supposedly looking for the fountain of youth. He misses the fountain, but he finds the Gulf Stream current, an important current for boaters.
In 1891, a brave widow named Julia Tuttle moved to Florida and purchased 640 acres of land on the north bank of the Miami River. Tuttle later talked wealthy railroad builder Henry Flagler to extend his railroad to Miami, the construction of a luxury hotel and the provision of a new city. These events resulted in the birth of a new city. The City of Miami was incorporated on July 28, 1896. As a result of these events, thousands of newcomers arrived in Florida. Even then, Miami had a very diverse population, people with a variety of cultures, from all over the world flocked to this new city.
In 1926 a hurricane hit Miami. As a result 300 people were killed and thousands of homes were destroyed. Miami, however, was never stayed down for long.
During the decade of 1980, Miami city experienced days of racial tension. A wind of anger, hatred and fear flew over the city. In 1984, Miami Vice hits the air, giving Miami and Miami Beach a hallmark associated with convertibles, palm trees and pastel suits. Models, fashion designers and photo shoots soon follow. In 1992, Hurricane Andrew hit near Homestead, but left Miami relatively unscathed.
Miami fell into the worst financial crisis in its history. The city of Miami turns 100, the same year it is named the fourth-poorest city in the USA. Economic issues continue until Manny Diaz was elected mayor in 2001.
A program of six capital improvements worth over 500 million dollars has been designed, so that it brings radical improvement of infrastructure in all districts of the city.
Looking ahead, we have “Midtown Miami”, a development of 1.2 million commercial and residential to be built in the Wynwood area, near Little Haiti, Overtown, Allapattah and the Design District.
History shows that the dynamic spirit of Miami, vibrant people always remains strong.